Using an ecological conceptual framework, this talk examines the macro, micro and meso influences that push and pull curriculum reform in education. This talk takes a multiple nation viewpoint, and considers similarities and differences across nations as it relates to the influences on the curriculum that students experience in schools. Further, an examination of the political, economic and technical aspects influencing curriculum reform is explored. The talk ends with a challenge for participants to consider how their work is framed by the structure in which they work, and what that means for latitude for individual agency of educators in curriculum reform.