Understanding the Ecologies of Education Reforms: Comparing the Perceptions of Secondary Teachers and Students in the Philippines

Glenn Mangali

This study examines how secondary school teachers implemented educational reforms in the Philippines. Teachers and students from 20 schools in 3 regions were surveyed about their perceptions about the major changes in the Philippine secondary education. Results of this study will hopefully provide insights on how curricular reforms can be successfully implemented.

The study concludes that although some teachers struggled with transitioning, most were able to make the necessary changes in adopting reforms. Even though teacher-directed lessons still dominated, there were sufficient student-centered and activity-based learnings. Tests, classwork, homework, exams and performance tasks were used for student evaluations.