Philippine Elementary Art Education: Curricular Influences and Challenges

Romina P. Beltran-Almazan

The study investigated the development of the Philippine Elementary Art Education Curriculum. It specifically looked into the influential factors that led to its changes, and the implications and challenges in the development process of the art education curriculum.

Based on the results of the study, the political and socioeconomic factors are the foremost reasons for changes in the prescribed Philippine Elementary curriculum at the national level. These changes are then translated to the subject-specific Philippine Elementary Art Education Curriculum. Meanwhile, the elementary art education curriculum, is directly affected by cultural, educational, and research and development factors. Changes were made to the learning intent, content and approaches used in art education based on the changing perceptions and role of the subject, availability of materials, new teaching techniques and ways of learning, and the need to contextualize and localize content.

These factors further reveal the considerations and challenges in curriculum development, such as adapting foreign educational innovations to the national curriculum, particularly those from America.

Another concern is the exclusion of specific evaluation approaches and procedures in the prescribed Art Education Curriculum and the overall curriculum development process. This would pose problems in gauging the success and effectiveness of the previous curriculum. Curriculum evaluation should not be overlooked as this is a necessary stage that would provide information on how the Art Education Curriculum may be further improved.